Analisa Data Monitoring Sistem Solar Tracking pada Mobile Solar Generator Polycrystalline 2x50Wp Berbasis IoT


  • Muhammad Arya Izzulhaq Politeknik Negeri Malang
  • Ika Noer Syamsiana Politeknik Negeri Malang
  • Wijaya Kusuma Politeknik Negeri Malang



Photovoltaic, Microcontroller, Sensor and Module, Efficiency, Solar Tracking, Temperature, Light Intensity


Malang Region in Indonesia is a tropical area with high solar radiation levels, which makes it suitable for the installation of photovoltaic systems. Regarding the urge to participate in improving the use of renewable energy to avoid consequences of fossil fuels. Thus, the most feasible way of developing renewable energy is to create a small Solar Power Plant. Hence, the design of this particular system need to be calculated considering the crucial factors to assess the PV module efficiency, such as irradiance and temperature. This experiment was conducted purposely to analyze the most influencing factors for predicting the output of solar panel toward the field condition in Malang using a monitoring system which data acquisition is controlled by Arduino. As the backing evidence, the effect of PV panel inclination on each angle 45°, 90°, and 135° could estimate the energy generation. Therefore, the right algorithm for solar tracking with DC Motor can be concluded. A comparative analysis for each method was given to evaluate the urgency of solar tracking technology for the climate conditions of this area. Additionally, to expand the study using the same device, an experimental load simulation accustomed to the lead acid battery capacity is conducted to analyze the result of charging and discharging.


Febrianto, M.A.P., Syamsiana, I.N., & Heryanto, Irwan. 2021 Merancang Energi Terbarukan Menggunakan Photovoltaic Sebagai Daya Motor Servo Untuk Penggerak Valve Kompor Pirolisis. Malang: Politeknik Negeri Malang

Wijaya, G.A., Listiyanto, F., & Sirojuddin, M.W. 2021. Perencanaan Sistem Monitoring Terhadap Intensitas Cahaya dan Output Dari Solar Panel Untuk Suplay Proses Pyrolysis Berbasis IoT. Malang: Politeknik Negeri Malang.

Hankins, M., & Njeru, F. 1991. Small Solar Electric Systems for Africa : A Guide for Planning and Installing Solar Electric Lighting Systems in Rural Africa. London, United Kingdom:Commonwealth Science Council.

Deepti, D.J., & Ramanarayanan, V. 2006. State of Charge of Lead Acid Battery. India : Electrical Engineering, Indian institute of science Bangalore, India.

Razali, Z.B., & Nawi, N.A.M. 2013. Automated Segregating Device for Reuse and Recycle Waste. Malaysia : Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Education, Universiti Malaysia Perlis.

Hashmi, G., Hasan, M.S., & Efat, M.M.H. 2019. Portable solar panel efficiency measurement system. Bangladesh : Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Institute of Science and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Saha, S., & Majumdar, A. 2017. Data Centre Temperature Monitoring with ESP8266 Based Wireless Sensor Network and Cloud Based Dashboard with Real Time Alert System. India : Dept. of Electronics and Communication Engineering, RCC Institute of Information Technology, India.

Jumaat, S. A. & Othman, M. H. 2017. Solar Energy Measurement Using Arduino. Malaysia : Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn.

Manan, M.I.A., Othman, Z., & Al Junid, S.A.M., 2013, Performance Analysis of Dual-axis Solar Tracking System. Malaysia : Control System, Computing and Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Tharamuttam, J. K., & Ng, A. K. 2017. Design and Development of an Automatic Solar Tracker. Singapore : Singapore Institute of Technology.

Brownson, J.R.S. 2014. Laws of Light : Solar Energy Conversion System (SECS) (hlm. 41-66). Pennsylvania, US : Renewable Energy & Sustainability Systems, The Pennsylvania State University,.

Michael, P.R., & Johnston, D.E., & Moreno, W. 2020 A conversion guide: solar irradiance and lux illuminance. Tampa, US : Electrical Engineering Department, University of South Florida.

Nadia, M., Lassad, H., Abderrahmen, Z., & Abdelkadder, C. 2020. Influence of temperature and irradiance on the different solar PV panel technologies. Tunisia : Laboratory for Engineering of Industrial Systems and Renewable Energies (LISIER), University of Tunis.

Setiawan, E.A., Setiawan, A., & Siregar, D. 2017. Analysis on Solar Panel Performance And PV-Inverter Configuration for Tropical Region. Istanbul, Turkey : Yildiz Technical University.

Aljumaili, M., Taha, M.Q., Abdulkafor, A.S.. 2019 Analysis of the Hard and Soft Shading Impact on Photovoltaic Module Performance Using Solar Module Tester. Iraq : College of Applied Sciences-Hit, University of Anbar.




How to Cite

Izzulhaq, M. A., Ika Noer Syamsiana, & Wijaya Kusuma. (2023). Analisa Data Monitoring Sistem Solar Tracking pada Mobile Solar Generator Polycrystalline 2x50Wp Berbasis IoT. Elposys: Jurnal Sistem Kelistrikan, 10(2), 107–111.