Analisa Data Monitoring Sistem Solar Tracking pada Mobile Solar Generator Polycrystalline 2x50Wp Berbasis IoT
Keywords:Photovoltaic, Microcontroller, Sensor and Module, Efficiency, Solar Tracking, Temperature, Light Intensity
Malang Region in Indonesia is a tropical area with high solar radiation levels, which makes it suitable for the installation of photovoltaic systems. Regarding the urge to participate in improving the use of renewable energy to avoid consequences of fossil fuels. Thus, the most feasible way of developing renewable energy is to create a small Solar Power Plant. Hence, the design of this particular system need to be calculated considering the crucial factors to assess the PV module efficiency, such as irradiance and temperature. This experiment was conducted purposely to analyze the most influencing factors for predicting the output of solar panel toward the field condition in Malang using a monitoring system which data acquisition is controlled by Arduino. As the backing evidence, the effect of PV panel inclination on each angle 45°, 90°, and 135° could estimate the energy generation. Therefore, the right algorithm for solar tracking with DC Motor can be concluded. A comparative analysis for each method was given to evaluate the urgency of solar tracking technology for the climate conditions of this area. Additionally, to expand the study using the same device, an experimental load simulation accustomed to the lead acid battery capacity is conducted to analyze the result of charging and discharging.
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